Origin Consolidation vs. Hub and Spoke

Jul 29

origin consolidation

vs hub and spoke distribution

When shipping LTL freight, it is crucial to understand the distribution model of each carrier and how it impacts various factors of LTL shipping. Two of the most common models are Origin Consolidation and Hub and Spoke. The below details will help you understand which model is right for you:

Origin Consolidation

The typical journey of an Origin Consolidation shipment follows the below steps:

Origin Consolidation-01

  • Local driver picks up shipment
  • Freight is consolidated at local service center until trailer is full
  • Freight is dispatched and remains on same truck throughout journey
  • Freight arrives at destination service center
  • Local driver makes delivery to consignee

    Some perks of the Origin Consolidation method include less handling, minimal transfers and reduced possibility of claims. Download our LTL shipping guide for more information!


Hub and Spoke

Shipments that go through Hub and Spoke travel a slightly different journey:

Hub and Spoke
  • Local driver picks up freight
  • Shipment is brought to nearest "hub"
  • Freight is loaded onto trailer headed towards next "spoke" of network
  • Process of transfer is repeated until shipment reaches delivery terminal
  • Local driver makes delivery to consignee


Perks of the traditional hub and spoke model include moving on a regular freight schedule.

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